Title: Enhancing Weather Forecasts Worldwide with Machine Learning
Machine learning (ML) is revolutionizing weather forecasting by providing accurate predictions. Optimized ML models have the potential to improve the precision of weather forecasts globally. To achieve this goal, open and reproducible evaluations using objective metrics are crucial.
WeatherBench 2: A Benchmarking Framework:
Google, Deepmind, and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts have recently introduced WeatherBench 2, a benchmarking and comparison framework for weather prediction models. This framework includes a replica of the ERA5 dataset along with an open-source evaluation code. Ground-truth and baseline datasets are also available.
Global Medium-Range Forecasting:
WeatherBench 2 is currently optimized for global, medium-range (1-15 day) forecasting. The researchers are planning to expand its evaluation capabilities for other jobs in the future, such as short-term and long-term prediction.
Evaluation Criteria and Metrics:
Weather predictions cannot be evaluated with a simple score as different users may prioritize different aspects. WeatherBench 2 addresses this by including various measures and “headline” metrics to summarize the study consistently with the standards set by meteorological agencies and the World Meteorological Organization.
The Gold Standard for Weather Forecasting:
WeatherBench 2.0 (WB2) is considered the gold standard for data-driven, worldwide weather forecasting. It incorporates the latest AI techniques and closely mimics the operational forecast evaluation used by weather centers. WB2 also serves as a robust foundation for comparing experimental methods to operational standards.
Facilitating Reproducible Findings:
The aim of WB2 is to facilitate efficient machine learning operations and ensure reproducible findings. By making evaluation codes and data publicly available, researchers believe that WB2 can be expanded with additional metrics and baselines based on the demands of the community.
The research paper suggests potential extensions for WB2, including assessing extremes and impact variables at finer scales using station observations, based on the community’s requirements.
WeatherBench 2 offers a promising avenue for advancing weather forecasting through machine learning. Its comprehensive evaluation framework and open-source approach make it a valuable resource for researchers and weather agencies alike. By leveraging the power of ML, we can strive for more accurate and reliable weather forecasts worldwide.
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About the author:
Dhanshree Shenwai is a Computer Science Engineer with experience in FinTech companies. She has a keen interest in AI applications and explores new technologies that simplify our daily lives.